As used in this Code, the following terms and phrases shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this Section, unless the context in which they are used clearly requires otherwise.
A. Definitions, “A.”
Accessory Use. A use customarily incidental to, related and clearly subordinate to a principal use established on the same parcel, which does not alter the principal use nor serve property other than the parcel where the principal use is located.
Adult Day Care. See “Day Care.”
Agricultural Product Processing. The processing of locally or regionally harvest crops to prepare them for on-site marketing or processing and packaging elsewhere. Examples of this land use include the following:
alfalfa cubing; corn shelling; cotton ginning; creameries; custom grist mills; custom milling of flour, feed, and grain; dairies (but not feedlots, see instead “Livestock Operations, Sales Yards, Feedlots, Stockyards”); drying of corn, rice, hay, fruits and vegetables; grain cleaning and custom grinding; hay bailing and cubing; pre-cooling and packaging of fresh or farm-dried fruits and vegetables; sorting, grading and packing of fruits and vegetables; tree nut hulling and shelling
Does not include wineries, which are separately defined. See also “Food and Beverage Product Manufacturing.”
Alcoholic Beverage Sales. The retail sales of beer, wine, and/or other alcoholic beverages for off-premise consumption as a primary use.
Allowed Use. A use of land identified by Section 3 (Building Function Standards) as a permitted or conditional use that may be established with a Zoning Permit and, where applicable, Site Plan and Architectural Review and/or Building Permit approval, subject to compliance with all applicable provisions of this Code.
Alteration. Any construction or physical change in the internal arrangement of rooms or the supporting members of a structure, or a change in the external appearance of any structure, not including painting. See also Section 7.10.040.B for a more specialized definition of “alternation” regarding a cultural or historic resource.
Apartment House. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Applicant. Any person who is filing an application requesting an action who is:
1. The owner or lessee of property;
2. A party who has contracted to purchase property contingent upon that party’s ability to acquire the necessary approvals required for that action in compliance with this Code; or
3. The agent of either of the above.
Architectural Feature. An exterior building feature including roof, windows, doors, porches, etc.
Artisan/Craft Product Manufacturing. An establishment manufacturing and/or assembling small products primarily by hand, including jewelry, pottery and other ceramics, as well as small glass and metal art and craft products. Includes taxidermists. May also include small scale artisan food and beverage product manufacturing and affiliated tasting rooms.
Artisan Shop. A retail store selling art glass, ceramics, jewelry, and other handcrafted items, where the facility includes an area for the crafting of the items sold.
Auto Parts Sales. Stores that sell new automobile parts, tires, and accessories. Establishments that provide installation services are instead included under “Vehicle Services – Repair and Maintenance – Minor.” Does not include tire recapping establishments, which are found under “Vehicle Services” or businesses dealing exclusively in used parts, which are included under “Recycling – Scrap and Dismantling yards.”
Auto Repair. See “Vehicle Services.”
Automated Teller Machines (ATM). Computerized, self-service machines used by banking customers for financial transactions, including deposits, withdrawals and fund transfers, without face-to-face contact with financial institution personnel. The machines may be located at or within banks, or in other locations.
Awning Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
B. Definitions, “B.”
Bank, Financial Services. Financial institutions including:
banks and trust companies; credit agencies; holding (but no primarily operating) companies; lending and thrift institutions; other investment companies; securities/ commodity contract brokers and dealers; security and commodity exchanges; vehicle finance (equity) leasing.
See also, “Automated Teller Machine,” above.
Bar/Tavern. A business where alcoholic beverages are sold for on-site consumption, which are not part of a larger restaurant. Includes bars, taverns, pubs, and similar establishments where any food service is subordinate to the sale of alcoholic beverages. May also include beer brewing as part of a microbrewery, and other beverage tasting facilities. Does not include adult entertainment businesses. Does not include tasting rooms that are limited to a sole manufacturer.
Bed and Breakfast Inn (B&B). A residential structure with one household in permanent residence, with one or more bedrooms rented for overnight lodging, where meals may be provided subject to applicable Health Department regulations. Does not include room rental, which is separately defined (see “Boarding/Rooming House”).
Blade Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Block Perimeter. The lineal feet along the frontage line around the perimeter of a block.
Building Height. The vertical extent of a building measured in stories, not including a raised basement or a habitable attic. Height limits do no apply to masts, belfries, clock towers, chimney flues, water tanks, elevator bulkheads and similar structures. Building Height shall be measured from the average grade of the enfronting thoroughfare.
Building and Landscape Materials Sales. Retail establishments selling hardware, lumber and other large building materials. Includes paint, wallpaper, glass, fixtures. Includes all these stores selling to the general public, even if contractor sales account for a major proportion of total sales. Establishments primarily selling electrical, plumbing, heating, and air conditioning equipment and supplies are classified in “Wholesaling and Distribution.”
Building Setback. See “Setback.”
Bungalow Court. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Business Support Service. An establishment within a building that provides services to other businesses. Examples of these services include:
blueprinting; computer-related services (rental, repair); copying and quick printing services; film processing and photo finishing (retail); protective services (other than office related); security systems services.
See also “Maintenance and Repair Services – Client Site Services.”
C. Definitions, “C.”
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). State law (California Public Resources Code Sections 21000 et seq.) requiring public agencies to document and consider the environmental effects of a proposed action, prior to allowing the action to occur.
Carriage House. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Change of use. The replacement of an existing use on any portion of a parcel, by a new use, or a change in the nature of an existing use, but does not include a change of ownership, tenancy, or management associated with a use in which the previous nature of the use remains substantially unchanged.
Chemical Product Manufacturing. An establishment that produces or uses basic chemicals, and other establishments creating products predominantly by chemical processes. Examples of these products include: basic chemicals, including acids, alkalies, salts, and organic chemicals; chemical products to be used in further manufacture, including synthetic fibers, plastic materials, dry colors, and pigments; and finished chemical products to be used as materials or supplies in other industries including paints, fertilizers, and explosives. Also includes sales and transportation establishments handling the chemicals described above, except as part of retail trade.
Child Day Care. See “Day Care.”
City Council. The Petaluma City Council, referred to in this Code as the “Council.”
Civic use. Premises used by organizations considered to support the common good. Uses include educational, cultural, social, service, and religious not-for-profit organizations.
Clothing and Fabric Product Manufacturing. An establishment that assembles clothing, draperies, and/or other products by cutting and sewing purchased textile fabrics, and related materials including leather, rubberized fabrics, plastics and furs. Does not include custom tailors and dressmakers not operating as a factory and not located on the site of a clothing store (see “Personal Services”). See also, “Manufacturing – Heavy – Textile and Leather Product Manufacturing.”
Colonnade. A series of columns similar to an arcade but spanned by straight lintels rather than arches.
Commercial Recreation Facility – Indoor. Establishments providing indoor amusement and entertainment services for a fee or admission charge, including:
This use does not include adult entertainment businesses. Four or more electronic games or coin-operated amusements in any establishment, or a premises where 50 percent or more of the floor area is occupied by amusement devices, are considered an electronic game arcade as described above, three or less machines are not considered a land use separate from the primary use of the site. See also “Theaters.”
Commercial Recreation Facility – Outdoor. Facilities for various outdoor recreational activities, where a fee is charged for use. Examples include:
amusement and theme parks; go-cart tracks; golf driving ranges; miniature golf courses; water slides
Community Meeting Facility. A multi-purpose meeting and/or recreational facility typically consisting of one or more meeting or multi-purpose rooms, which may also include kitchen and/or outdoor cooking or eating facilities, that are available for use by various groups for such activities as meetings, parties, receptions, dances, etc.
Community meeting facilities include community centers, and the following.
1. Club, Lodge, Private Meeting Hall. Permanent, headquarters-type and meeting facilities for organizations operating on a membership basis for the promotion of the interests of the members, including facilities for:
business associations; civic, social and fraternal organizations; labor unions and similar organizations; professional membership organizations; political organizations; other membership organizations
2. Religious Facility. A facility operated by a religious organization to provide a place for worship, or the promotion of religious activities. This use includes:
May also include fund-raising sales, bazaars, dinners, parties, or other outdoor events on the same site. Other establishments maintained by religious organizations, including full-time educational institutions, hospitals and other potentially related operations (for examples, a recreational camp) are instead classified according to their respective activities.
Community Service Organization. A public or quasi-public establishment providing social and/or rehabilitation services, serving persons with social or personal problems requiring special services, the handicapped, and the otherwise disadvantaged. Examples of this land use include: counseling centers, welfare offices, job counseling and training centers, or vocational rehabilitation agencies. Includes organizations soliciting funds to be used directly for these and related services, and establishments engaged in community improvement and neighborhood development. Does not include day-care services, emergency shelters and transitional housing, or “Residential Care,” which are separated defined.
Concrete, Gypsum, and Plaster Product Manufacturing. As establishment that produces bulk concrete, concrete building block, brick, and/or other types of precast and prefabricated concrete products. Also includes ready-mix concrete batch plants, lime manufacturing, and the manufacture of gypsum products, including plasterboard. A retail ready-mix concrete operation as an incidental use in conjunction with a building materials outlet is defined under “Building and Landscape Materials Sales.”
Courtyard Building. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
D. Definitions, “D.”
Day Care. A facility that provides non-medical care and supervision of minor children or adults for periods of less than 24 hours. These facilities include the following, all of which are required to be licensed by the California State Department of Social Services.
1. Child Day Care Center. Commercial or non-profit child day care facilities designed and approved to accommodate 15 or more children. Includes infant centers, preschools, sick-child centers, and school-age day care facilities. These may be operated in conjunction with a school or church facility, or as an independent land use.
2. Large Family Day Care Home. A day care facility located in a single-family residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for 7-14 children. Children under the age of 10 years who reside in the home count as children served by the day care facility.
3. Small Family Day Care Home. A day care facility located in a single-family residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for eight or fewer children. Children under the age of 10 years who reside in the home count as children served by the day care facility.
4. Adult day care facility. A day care facility providing care and supervision for adult clients.
Detached House: Estate. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Detached House: Cottage. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Detached House: Village. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Development. Any construction activity or alteration of the landscape, its terrain contour or vegetation, including the erection or alteration of structures. New development is any constructions, or alteration of an existing structure or land use, or establishment of a land use, after the effective date of this Code.
Drive-through Retail. A facility where food and other products may be purchased by motorists without leaving their vehicles. Examples of these facilities include fast-food restaurants, drive-through coffee, dairy product, photo stores, pharmacies, etc.
Drive-through Service. A facility where services may be obtained by motorists without leaving their vehicles. These facilities include drive-through bank teller windows, dry cleaners, etc. Does not include: automated teller machines (ATMs), gas stations or other vehicle services, which are separately defined.
Driveway. (Single or dual access for development in the area bounded by 1st, 2nd, “G” and “H” Streets.) An 8’ wide all weather surface that leads from the public street to the rear lot parking area of a parcel. It can be placed on a lot line and shared by up to 2 lots.
Dwelling, Dwelling Unit, or Housing Unit. A room or group of internally connected rooms that have sleeping, cooking, eating, and sanitation facilities, but not more than one kitchen, which constitute an independent housekeeping unit, occupied by or intended for one household on a long term basis.
E. Definitions, “E.”
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment. The hardware, including connectors, fixtures, devices, and other components required to charge an electric vehicle.
Electronics, Equipment, and Appliance Manufacturing. An establishment that manufactures equipment, apparatus, and /or supplies for the generation, storage, transmission, transformation and use of electrical energy, including:
appliances including stoves/ovens, refrigerators, freezers, laundry equipment, fans, vacuum cleaners, sewing machines; audio and television receiving equipment; aviation instruments; computers, computer components, peripherals; electric welding apparatus; electrical transmission and distribution equipment; electronic components and accessories; industrial controls; instruments for measurement, testing, analysis and control, associated sensors and accessories; lighting and wiring equipment such as lamps and fixtures, wiring devices, vehicle lighting; motors and generators; miscellaneous electrical machinery, equipment and supplies such as batteries, X-ray apparatus and tubes, electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatus, electrical equipment for internal combustion engines; optical instruments and lenses; photographic equipment and supplies; semiconductors, integrated circuits, related devices; storage media, blank and pre-recorded, including magnetic, magneto-optical, and optical products such as compact disks (CDs), diskettes and hard drives, digital versatile disks (DVDs), magnetic tape products, phonograph records ,etc.; surgical, medical and dental instruments; surveying and drafting equipment; telephone and telegraph apparatus; transformers, switchgear and switchboards; watches and clocks
Does not include testing laboratories (soils, materials testing, etc.) (see “Laboratories”), or research and development facilities separate from manufacturing (see “Industrial Research and Development”).
Emergency Shelter. A facility for the temporary shelter and feeding of indigents or disaster victims, operated by a public or non-profit agency.
Equipment Rental. A service establishment that may offer a wide variety of household and business equipment, furniture, and materials for rental. Does not include construction equipment rental, which is included under the definition of “Construction/ Heavy Equipment Sales and Rental.”
F. Definitions, “F”.
Farm Supply and Feed Store. A retail business selling supplies for use in soil preparation and maintenance, the planting and harvesting of crops, the keeping and raising of farm animals, and other operations and processes pertaining to farming and ranching. Does not include the sale, rental, or repair of farm machinery and equipment, which is instead included in the definition of “Construction and Heavy Equipment Sales and Rental.”
Feasible. Capable of being accomplished in a successful manner within a reasonable period of time, taking into account economic, environmental, social and technological factors.
Fitness/Health Facility. A fitness center, gymnasium, health and athletic club, which may include any of the following: sauna, spa or hot tub facilities; indoor tennis, handball, racquetball, archery and shooting ranges and other indoor sports activities. Does not include adult entertainment businesses.
Focus Point. The location at the axial termination of a thoroughfare. A building at a terminated vista shall be designed to provide a prominent architectural feature on the façade that terminates the view down the street, such as a tower, colonnade, significant façade articulation, etc.
Food and Beverage Product Manufacturing. Manufacturing establishments producing or processing foods and beverages for human consumption, and certain related products. Examples of these uses include:
Bottling plants; breweries; candy, sugar and confectionery products manufacturing; catering services separate from stores or restaurants; coffee roasting; dairy products manufacturing; fats and oil product manufacturing; fruit and vegetable canning, preserving, related processing; grain mill products and by-products; meat, poultry and seafood canning, curing, byproduct processing; soft drink production; miscellaneous food item preparation from raw products; wineries.
Frontage. The privately held layer in front of the building façade. The elements of building and landscape that are within a frontage are held to specific standards. The variables of private frontage are the depth of the setback and the combination of architectural elements such as fences, stoops, porches, and galleries. These elements influence social behavior in the front realm. The frontage layer may overlap the public streetscape in case of awnings, galleries and arcades.
Fuel Dealer. A retail trade establishment that sells fuel oil, butane, propane and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), bottled or in bulk, to consumers.
Furniture/Fixtures Manufacturing, Cabinet Shop. Manufacturers producing: wood and metal household furniture and appliances; bedsprings and mattresses; all types of office furniture and public building furniture and partitions, shelving, lockers and store furniture; and miscellaneous drapery hardware, window blinds and shades. Includes wood and cabinet shops, but not sawmills or planing mills, which are instead included under “Manufacturing – Heavy.”
Furniture, Furnishings and Appliance Store. A store that primarily sells the following products and related services, which may also provide incidental repair services:
computers and computer equipment; draperies; floor coverings; furniture; glass and chinaware; home appliances; home furnishings; home sound systems; interior decorating materials and services; large musical instruments; lawn furniture; movable spas and hot tubs; office furniture; other household electrical and gas appliances; outdoor furniture; refrigerators; stoves; televisions
G. Definitions, “G.”
Gas Station. A retail business selling gasoline or other motor vehicle fuels, and related products, derived from fossil fuels (e.g., petroleum, coal, natural gas).
General Retail. Stores and shops selling many lines of merchandise. Examples of these stores and lines of merchandise include:
antique stores; art galleries, retail; artists’ supplies; auction rooms; bicycles; books, magazines, and newspapers; cameras and photographic supplies; clothing, shoes, and accessories; collectibles (cards, coins, comics, stamps, etc.); convenience stores; department stores; drug stores and pharmacies; dry goods; fabrics and sewing supplies; florists and houseplant stores (Indoor sales only (outdoor sales are “Building and Landscape Materials Sales); furniture, furnishings, and appliances; hobby materials; jewelry; luggage and leather goods; musical instruments, parts and accessories; orthopedic supplies; religious goods; second hand stores; small wares; specialty shops; sporting goods and equipment; stationery; toys and games; variety stores; video rental
Does not include pawnshops. Does not include accessory retail uses—the retail sale of various products within a health care, hotel, office, or industrial complex to employees or customers, which are allowed accessory to all other related commercial uses. Examples of accessory retail uses include pharmacies, gift shops, and food service establishments within hospitals; and convenience stores and food service establishments within hotel, office and industrial complexes.
Glass Product Manufacturing. An establishment that manufactures glass and/or glass products by melting silica sand or cullet, including the production of flat glass and other glass products that are pressed, blown or shaped from glass produced in the same establishment. Artisan and craftsman type operations of larger scale than home occupations are instead included under “Artisan/Craft Product Manufacturing”
Green. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces).
Groceries, Specialty Foods. A retail business where the majority of the floor area open to the public is occupied by food products packaged for preparation and consumption away from the store.
H. Definitions, “H.”
Habitable Space. Space within a dwelling unit for living, sleeping, eating or cooking.
Historic and Cultural Preservation Committee. The Historic and Cultural Preservation Committee (Historic SPARC) established by, and with powers and duties assigned by Zoning Ordinance Article 17 (Preservation of the Cultural and Historic Environment). The Historic and Cultural Preservation Committee consists of the membership of the Site Plan and Architectural Review Committee, plus one member representing the Petaluma Historical Museum, and one member representing Heritage Homes of Petaluma.
Height-to-Width Ratio. The proportion of spatial enclosure related to the physiology of the human eye. If the width of space is such that the cone vision encompasses less street wall than open sky, the degree of spatial enclosure is slight. As a general rule, the tighter the ratio, the stronger the sense of place and, often, the higher the real estate value.
Historic Register. The inventory of historic buildings within the Central Petaluma Specific Plan area in Appendix B (Historic Resources Survey).
Home Occupation. As defined in Zoning Ordinance Section 1-203.
Hotel or Motel. A facility with guest rooms or suites, with or without kitchen facilities, rented to the general public for transient lodging. Hotels typically include a variety of services in addition to lodging; for example, restaurants, meeting facilities, personal services, etc. Also includes accessory guest facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, indoor athletic facilities, accessory retail uses, etc.
I. Definitions, “I.” No specialized terms beginning with the letter “I“ are defined at this time.
J. Definitions “J.” No specialized terms beginning with the letter “J“ are defined at this time.
K. Definitions, “K.”
Kennel, Animal Boarding. A commercial facility for the grooming, keeping, boarding or maintaining of four or more dogs (four months of age or older), or four dogs or cats for sale in pet shops, or patients in animal hospitals. See also “Veterinary Clinic, Animal Hospital.”
L. Definitions, “L.”
Laboratory - Medical, Analytical, Testing. A facility for testing, analysis, and/or research. Examples of this include medical labs, soils and materials testing labs, and forensic labs.
Large Family Day Care Home. See “Child Day Care Facilities.”
Laundry, Dry Cleaning Plant. A service establishment engaged primarily in high volume laundry and garment services, including: carpet and upholstery cleaners; diaper services; dry-cleaning and garment pressing; commercial laundries; linen supply. These facilities may include accessory customer pick-up facilities. These facilities do not include coin-operated laundries or dry cleaning pick-up stores without dry cleaning equipment; see “Personal Services.”
Layer. The depth of the lot measured from the frontage line within which certain elements are permitted. The First Layer is the area between the frontage line and the façade line. The Second Layer is the area between the façade line and 20 feet from the façade. The Third layer is that portion of the lot that is neither the First layer nor the Second Layer.
Library, Museum. Public or quasi-public facilities, examples of which include: aquariums, arboretums, art galleries and exhibitions, botanical gardens, historic sites and exhibits, libraries, museums, planetariums, and zoos. May also include accessory retail uses such as gift/book shop, restaurant, etc.
Lot Area. Gross lot area is the total area included within the lot lines of a lot, exclusive of adjacent dedicated street rights of way. The total of the area measured in a horizontal plane, within the parcel lines bounding the lot, exclusive of:
2. The access strip required to serve a flag parcel (lot).
Lot Coverage. The percentage of total lot area occupied by structures, including primary structures, all accessory structures (e.g., carports, garages, patio covers, storage sheds, trash dumpster enclosures, etc.) and architectural features (e.g., chimneys, balconies, decks above the first floor, porches, stairs, etc.). Coverage is measured from exterior building wall to exterior building wall.
Lot Line or Property Line. Any recorded boundary of a lot. Types of lot line are as follows:
1. Front Lot Line. On an interior lot, the property line separating the parcel form the street. The front lot line on a corner lot is the line with the shortest frontage. (If the street-fronting lot line of a corner lot are equal in length, the front line shall be determined by the Director.) On a through lot, both lot lines are front lot line and the lot considered to have no rear lot line.
2. Interior Lot Line. Any lot line not abutting a street.
4. Side Lot Line. Any lot line that is not a front or rear lot line.
Lot Width. The horizontal distance between the side lot lines, measured at right angles to the lot depth at a point midway between the front and rear lot lines. The Director shall determine lot width for parcels of irregular shape.
Lumber and Wood Product Manufacturing. Manufacturing, processing, and sales involving the milling of forest products to produce rough and finished lumber and other wood materials for use in other manufacturing, craft, or construction processes. Includes the following processes and products:
containers, pallets, and skids; matches (wood); milling operations; trusses and structural beams; turning and shaping of wood products; wholesaling of basic wood products; wood product assembly
Does not include craft-type shops (“Handcraft Industries and Small-Scale Manufacturing”); other wood and cabinet shops (“Furniture and Fixture Manufacturing, Cabinet Shops”); or the entirely indoor retail sale of building materials, construction tools and equipment (“Building and Landscape Materials Sales”)
M. Definitions, “M”.
Machinery Manufacturing. An establishment that makes or processes raw materials into finished machines or parts for machines. Does not include the manufacture of electronics, equipment, or appliances (“Electronics, Equipment, and Appliance Manufacturing”).
Marquee Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Main Street Building. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Maintenance/Repair Service – Client Site Services. Base facilities for various businesses that provide services on the premises of their clients. Includes gardening, janitorial, pest control, water and smoke damage recovery, and similar services; and maintenance/ repair services for appliances, computers, electronics, elevators, equipment, HVAC, instruments, and plumbing, where the service is performed on the client site.
Maintenance/Repair Service. A business facility that provides repair and/or maintenance services for appliances, computers, electronics, and other types of non- vehicular-related equipment that is brought to the facility by customers. These businesses do not operate on the same site as a retail establishment that sells the product being maintained or repaired. When these services operate from a retail establishment that sells the products being maintained or repaired, they are instead considered part of the retail use.
Mansion Apartment. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Media Production. Facilities for motion picture, television, video, sound, computer, and other communications media production. These facilities include the following types.
1. Back lots/outdoor facilities. Outdoor sets, back lots, and other outdoor facilities, including supporting indoor workshops and craft shops.
2. Indoor support facilities. Administrative and technical production support facilities, including administrative and production offices, post-production facilities (editing and sound recording studios, foley stages, etc.), optical and special effects units, film processing laboratories, etc.
Medical Services – Doctor Office. A facility other than a hospital where medical, dental, mental health, surgical, and/or other personal health care services are provided on an outpatient basis, and that accommodates no more that three licensed primary practitioners (for example, chiropractors, medical doctors, psychiatrists, etc.).
Counseling services by other than medical doctors or psychiatrists are included under “Offices – Professional.”
Medical Services – Clinic, Urgent Care. A facility other than a hospital where medical, mental health, surgical and other personal health services are provided on an outpatient basis. Examples of these uses include:
medical offices with four or more licensed practitioners and/ore medical specialties; out-patient care facilities; urgent care facilities; other allied health services
These facilities may also include accessory medical laboratories. Counseling services by other than medical doctors or psychiatrists are included under “Offices – Professional.”
Metal Products Fabrication, Machine or Welding Shop. An establishment engaged in the production and/or assembly of metal parts, including the production of metal cabinets and enclosures, cans and shipping containers, doors and gates, duct work, forgings and stampings, hardware and tools, plumbing fixtures and products, tanks, towers, and similar products. Examples of these uses include:
Mid-Rise. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Mortuary, Funeral Home. Funeral homes and parlors, where deceased are prepared for burial or cremation, and funeral services may be conducted.
Motor Vehicles and Transportation Equipment. Manufacturers of equipment for transporting passengers and cargo by land, air and water, including motor vehicles, aircraft, spacecraft, ships, boats, railroad and other vehicles such as motorcycles, bicycles and snowmobiles. Includes manufacture of motor vehicle parts and accessories; trailers and campers for attachment to other vehicles; self-contained motor homes; and van conversions. Does not include mobile home and modular home assembly (listed under “Lumber and Wood Products”).
Multi-Family Housing. A dwelling unit that is part of a structure containing one or more other dwelling units, or a non-residential use. An example of the latter is a mixed- use project where, for example, one or more dwelling units are part of a structure that also contains one or more commercial uses (retail, office, etc.). Multi-family dwellings include: duplexes, triplexes, fourplexes (buildings under one ownership with two, three or four dwelling units, respectively, in the same structure); apartments (five or more units under one ownership in a single building); and townhouse development (three or more attached dwellings where no unit located over another unit).
N. Definitions, “N.”
Nature Park. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces).
Night Club. A facility serving alcoholic beverages for on-site consumption, and providing entertainment, examples of which include live music and/or dancing, comedy, etc.
O. Definitions, “O.”
1. Accessory. An office facility incidental and accessory to another business or sales activity that is the primary use. These are permitted accessory to any other use allowed by Section 3 of this Code (Building Function Standards) in all the zones established by this Code.
An establishment providing direct services to consumers. Examples of the uses include employment agencies, insurance agent offices, real estate offices, travel agencies, utility company offices, etc. This use does not include “Bank, Financial Services,” which is separately defined.
3. Government. An administrative, clerical, or public contact and/or service office of a local state, or federal government agency. Includes post offices, but not bulk mailing distribution centers, which are under “Truck or Freight Terminal.”
4. Processing. An office-type facility characterized by high employee densities, and occupied by a business engaged in information processing, and other computer- dependent and/or telecommunications-based activities. Examples of these uses include:
airline, lodging chain, and rental care company reservation centers; computer software and hardware design and development; consumer credit reporting; data processing services; health management organization (HMO) offices where no medical services are provided; Insurance claim processing; mail order and electronic commerce transaction processing; telecommunications facility design and management; telemarketing
accounting, auditing and bookkeeping services; advertising agencies; attorneys; commercial art and design services; construction contractors (office facilities only); counseling services; court reporting services; detective agencies and similar services; design services including architecture, engineering, landscape architecture, urban planning; educational, scientific and research organizations; financial management and investment counseling; literary and talent agencies; management and public relations services; media postproduction services; news services; photographers and photography studios; psychologists; secretarial, stenographic, word processing, and temporary clerical employee services; security and commodity brokers; writers and artists offices;
Open Space. Area free of building that, together with a well-designed system of thoroughfares, provides a public realm at all scales of urbanism, from the region to the block. Open space, to be effectively environmentally, must be specialized in function and appropriate in location, and its types include parks, greens, squares, plazas and playgrounds. The Petaluma River is also a public open space. Open space, to be truly functional, open space should straddle pedestrian routes or be adjacent to meaningful destinations. Care should also be taken that open spaces have visual supervision from fronting buildings.
P. Definitions, “P.”
Paper Product Manufacturing. An establishment that converts per-manufactured paper or paperboard into boxes, envelopes, paper bags wallpaper, etc., and/or that coats or glazes premanufactured paper. Does not include the manufacturing of pulp, paper, or paperboard (see “Manufacturing – Heavy – Pulp and Pulp Product Manufacturing”).
Parcel. See “Lot, or Parcel.”
Park. A large open area available for recreation, usually located at neighborhood edges, and fronted by buildings. Its landscape is comprised of paved paths and trails, some open lawn, trees, and open shelters, all naturalistically disposed and requiring limited maintenance.
Parking Facility, Public or Commercial. Includes both day use and long-term public and commercial garages, parking lots and structures, except when accessory to a primary use. (All primary uses are considered to include any customer or public use off-street parking required by the Zoning Code.) Also includes “park and ride” lots. Does not include dismantling yards.
Pedestrian Frontage. The experience of the pedestrian as determined by the buildings alongside. Pedestrians respond in a variety of ways to the experience of passing by specific ground-floor frontages. The most likely to please pedestrians are storefronts, followed by porches, fenestrated walls, and deep landscaped yards. The frontages most repellent to pedestrians are, in order of bad to worse, garage doors, blank walls, open parking lots, unbuffered parking structures, under-building parking, and open service areas.
Pedestrian Orientation. Any physical structure or place with design qualities and elements that contribute to an active, inviting and pleasant place for pedestrians including:
4. Visibility into buildings at the street level;
5. A continuous sidewalk, with a minimum of intrusions into pedestrian right-of way;
6. Continuity of building facades along the street with few interruptions in the progression of buildings and stores;
7. Signs oriented and scaled to the pedestrian rather than the motorist;
8. Landscaping; and
9. Street furniture.
Pedestrian Oriented Use. A land use that is intended to encourage walk-in customers and that generally does not limit the number of customers by requiring appointments or otherwise excluding the general public. A pedestrian oriented use provides spontaneous draw from sidewalk and street due to visual interest, high customer turnover, and social interaction.
barber and beauty shops; clothing rental; dry cleaning pick-up stores with limited equipment; home electronics and small appliance repair; laundromats (self-service laundries); locksmiths; massage (licensed, therapeutic, non-sexual); pet grooming with no boarding; shoe repair shops; tailors; tanning salons
These uses may also include accessory retail sales of products related to the services provided.
Personal Services – Restricted. Personal services that may tend to have a blighting and/ or deteriorating effect upon surrounding areas and which may need to be dispersed to minimize their adverse impacts. Examples of these uses include:
check cashing services; fortune tellers; palm and card readers; psychics; spas and hot tubs for hourly rental; tattoo and body piercing services
Photo/Film Processing Lab. A facility that provides high volume and/or custom processing services for photographic negative film, transparencies, and/or prints, where the processed products are delivered to off-site retail outlets for customer pick-up. Does not include small-scale photo processing machines accessory to other retail businesses.
Planning Commission. The City of Petaluma Planning Commission, appointed by the Petaluma City Council in compliance with of Petaluma Planning Commission, appointed by the Petaluma City Council in compliance with 65101, referred to throughout this Code as the “Commission”.
Planning Permit. Authority granted by the City to use a specified site for a particular purpose, including Zoning Permits, Site Plan and Architectural Review, Conditional Use Permits, and Variances, as established by the Zoning Ordinance.
Plastics, other Synthetics, and Rubber Product Manufacturing. The manufacture of rubber products including: tires, rubber footwear, mechanical rubber goods, heels and soles, flooring, and other rubber products from natural, synthetic, or reclaimed rubber. Also includes establishments engaged primarily in manufacturing tires; products from recycled or reclaimed plastics or Styrofoam; molding primary plastics for other manufacturers, manufacturing miscellaneous finished plastics products, fiberglass manufacturing, and fiber glass application services. Does not include establishments engaged primarily in recapping and retreading automobile tires (“Vehicle Services – major Repair/Body work”).
Playground. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces)
Plaza. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces)
Private Residential Recreation Facility. A privately-owned, non-commercial outdoor recreation facility provided for residential project or neighborhood residents, including swimming pools, swim and tennis clubs, park and sport court facilities. Does not include golf courses and country clubs, which are separately defined.
Printing and Publishing. A small-scale establishment engaged in printing by letterpress, lithography, gravure, screen, offset, or electrostatic (xerographic) copying; and other establishments serving the printing trade such as bookbinding, typesetting, engraving, photoengraving, and electrotyping. This use also includes establishments that publish newspapers, books and periodicals; establishments manufacturing business forms and binding devices. “Quick printing” services are included in the definition of “Business Support Services.”
Property Line. The recorded boundary of a parcel of land.
Public Open Space. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces).
Public Safety Facility. A facility operated by a public agency including fire stations, other fire prevention and fire fighting facilities, police and sheriff substations and headquarters, including interim incarceration facilities.
Q. Definitions, “Q.” No specialized terms beginning with the letter “Q” are defined at this time.
R. Definitions, “R.”
Recycling – Small Collection Facility. A center where the public may donate, redeem or sell recyclable materials, which occupies an area of 350 square feet or less and may include:
1. A mobile unit;
2. Bulk reverse vending machines or a grouping of reverse vending machines occupying more than 50 square feet; and
3. Kiosk-type units that may include permanent structures.
Research and Development (R&D). A facility for scientific research, and the design, development and testing of electrical, electronic, magnetic, optical and computer and telecommunications components in advance of product manufacturing, and the assembly of related products from parts produced off-site, where the manufacturing activity is secondary to the research and development activities. Includes pharmaceutical, chemical and biotechnology research and development. Does not include soils and other materials testing laboratories (see “Laboratory”), or medical laboratories (see “Medical Service – Clinic, Laboratory, Urgent Care”).
Restaurant, Café, Coffee Shop. A retail business selling ready-to-eat food and/or beverages for on- or off- premise consumption. These include eating establishments where customers are served from an ordering counter for either on- or off- premise consumption (“counter service”); establishments where customers are served food at their tables for on-premise consumption (“table service”), which may also provide food for take-out; and exclusively pedestrian-oriented facilities that serve from a walk-up ordering counter.
Review Authority. The individual of official City body (the Community Development Directory, Planning Commission, or City Council) identified by this Code as having the responsibility and authority to review, and approve or disapprove the permit applications required by Part 2 (Zones and Allowable Land Uses).
S. Definitions, “S.”
School. A public or private academic educational institution, including:
Also includes schools providing specialized education/training. Examples include the following:
art school; ballet and other dance school; business, secretarial, and vocational school; computers and electronics school; drama school; driver education school; establishments providing courses by mail; language school; music school; professional school (law, medicine, etc.); seminaries/religious ministry training facility
Also includes facilities, institutions and conference centers that offer specialized programs in personal growth and development, such as fitness, environmental awareness, arts, communications, and management. Does not include pre-schools and child day care facilities (see “Child Day Care Facilities”). See also the definition of “Studios – Art, Dance, Martial Arts, Music, etc.” for smaller-scale facilities offering specialized instruction.
Setback. The distance between a building wall and an adjacent lot line. The setback requirements of this Code are measured and applied to property as follows.
1. Front. The front setback is measured at right angles from the nearest point on the front property line of the parcel or back of sidewalk easement, shown as “frontage line” on thoroughfare cross sections (or edge of access or sidewalk easement on a private street) to the nearest point of the wall of the structure. The front property line or frontage line is the most narrow dimension of a lot adjacent to a street. A double- frontage or “through” lot has two front setbacks.
2. Side. The side setback is measured at right angles from the nearest point on the side property line of the parcel to the nearest point of the wall of the structure; establishing a setback line parallel to the side property line, which extends between the front and rear setback lines.
3. Rear. The rear yard shall be measured at right angles from the nearest point on the rear property line to the nearest line of the structure, establishing a setback line parallel to the rear property line.
Shopping Center. A primarily retail commercial site with five or more separate businesses sharing common pedestrian and parking areas.
Sidewalk Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Sign. As defined in the Petaluma Sign Ordinance.
Single-Family Dwelling. A free-standing building designed for and/or occupied by one household. Also includes factory-built, modular housing units, constructed in compliance with the Uniform Building Code (UBC), and mobile homes/manufactured housing units that comply with the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974, place on permanent foundations.
Small Family Day Care Home. See “Day Care.”
Small Product Manufacturing. Establishments manufacturing and/or assembling small products primarily by hand, including manufacturing establishments producing small products not classified in another major manufacturing group, including: brooms and brushes; buttons, costume novelties; jewelry; musical instruments; pens, pencils, and other office and artists’ materials; sporting and athletic goods; toys; etc. See also “Artisan/Craft Product Manufacturing.”
Sports and Entertainment Assembly Facility. A large-scale indoor or outdoor facility accommodating spectator-oriented sports, concerts, and other entertainment activities. Examples of this land use include amphitheaters, racetracks, stadiums and coliseums. May also include commercial facilities customarily associated with the above uses, including bars and restaurants, gift shops, video game arcades, etc.
Square. See Section 4.50 (Civic Spaces)
Stone and Cut Stone Product Manufacturing. An establishment that cuts, shapes, and/or finishes marble, granite, slate, and/or other stone for construction and miscellaneous uses. Does not include establishments engaged primarily in buying or selling partly finished monuments and tombstones (“Handcraft Industries, Small Scale Manufacturing”)
Storage – Warehouse, Indoor Storage. Facilities for the storage of furniture, household goods, or other commercial goods of any nature. Includes cold storage. Does not include: warehouse, storage or mini-storage facilities offered for rent or lease to the general public; warehouse facilities primarily used for wholesaling and distribution (see “Wholesaling and Distribution”); or terminal facilities for handling freight (see “Truck or Freight Terminal”)
Story. A habitable level within a building of no more than 14 feet in height from finished floor to finished ceiling. Basements that emerge less than 4 feet from grade or attics not exceeding 4 feet at the knee-wall shall not constitute a story.
Streetwall. An opaque, freestanding wall built along the frontage line, or coplanar with the façade. Streetwalls shall be between 3.5 and 6 feet in height, the lower height generally used to screen surface parking lots, the higher height to provide privacy for residential back yards, and constructed of a material matching the adjacent building façade. The wall may be replaced by a hedge if approved by warrant. Streetwalls may have openings no larger than necessary to allow automobile and pedestrian access. At driveway or alley openings, streetwalls shall turn and extend a minimum of 5’ parallel to the driveway or alley where feasible.
Structural Clay and Pottery Product Manufacturing. An establishment that produces brick and structural clay products, including pipe, china plumbing fixtures, vitreous china parts, and/or fine earthenware and porcelain products. Does not include artist/ craftsman uses (see “Handcraft Industries and Small Scale Manufacturing,” “Home Occupations”).
Structure. Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires attachment to the ground or attachment to something located on the ground. For the purposes of this Code, the term “structure” includes “buildings,” but does not include fences and walls, or swimming pools.
Studio – Art, Dance, Martial Arts, Music, etc. Small scale facilities, typically accommodating one group of students at time, in no more than one instructional space. Larger facilities are included under the definition of “schools – Specialized education and training.” Examples of these facilities include: individual and group instruction and training in the arts; production rehearsal’ photography, and the processing of photographs produced only by users of the studio facilities; martial arts training studios; gymnastics, yoga, and similar instruction; and aerobics and gymnastics studios with no other fitness facilities or equipment.
Subdivision. The division, by any subdivider, of any unit or portion of land shown on the latest equalized Sonoma County assessment roll as a unit or contiguous units, for the purpose of sale, lease or financing, whether immediate or future. Property shall be considered as contiguous units, even if it is separated by roads, streets, utility easement ore railroad rights-of-way. Subdivision includes the following as defined in includes the following as defined in 1315: a condominium project; a community apartment project; or the conversion of five or more existing dwelling units to a stock cooperative.
T. Definitions, “T.”
Tasting Room. A facility or portion of a facility that supports a small-scale artisan craft brewery, distillery, or winery. The tasting room shall only serve and/or sell those beverages produced by the operating manufacturer and may operate at a separate location from the production facilities if under a duplicate ABC license type. The tasting room must also comply with all applicable ABC and State regulations for wine, beer, and distilled spirit manufacturers and tasting rooms.
Telecommunications Facility. As defined in Zoning Ordinance Section 1-203
Temporary Structure. A structure without a foundation or footings, and that can be immediately removed when required.
Temporary Use. A use of land that is designed, operated and occupies a site for a limited period of time, typically less than 12 months. Temporary surface parking lots shall have the time period for use permitted as noted in of land that is designed, operated and occupies a site for a limited period of time, typically less than 12 months. Temporary surface parking lots shall have the time period for use permitted as noted in 6.10.020 B.
Terminated Vista. The visual composition at the axial termination of a thoroughfare. Raymond Unwin stated that “vistas should be terminated and the termination should be significant.” By significant he meant not leaving it to chance or “happy accident.” This stricture is rather demanding, as there are few buildings worthy of sustaining the importance of an axial termination. It is therefore usually acceptable for a vista to be deflected by an angle of the thoroughfare until a suitable termination can be effected. As a rule, the termination or deflection should occur within 1,000 feet of any vantage point, as architectural detail beyond that distance is usually ineffective.
Textile and Leather Product Manufacturing. An establishment that converts basic fibers (natural or synthetic) into a product, including yarn or fabric, that can be further manufactured into usable items (“Clothing and Fabric Product Manufacturing”), and industries that transform hides into leather by tanning or curing. Includes:
coating, waterproofing, or otherwise treating fabric; dressed and dyed furs; dying and finishing fiber, yarn, fabric, and knit apparel; leather-tanned, curried, and finished; manufacture of knit apparel and other finished products from yarn; manufacture of felt goods, lace goods, non-woven fabrics and miscellaneous textiles; manufacturing of woven fabric, carpets, and rugs from yarn; preparation of fiber and subsequent manufacturing of yarn, threads, braids, twine cordage; scouring and combing plants; upholstery manufacturing; yarn and thread mills;
Theater, Movie or Live Performance. An indoor facility for public assembly and group entertainment, other than sporting events. Examples of these facilities include:
civic theaters, and facilities for “live” theater and concerts; movie theaters; similar public assembly facilities
See also “Sports and Entertainment Assembly.”
Thoroughfare. An urban element that provides the major part of the public open space as well as moving lanes for vehicles. A thoroughfare is endowed with two attributes: capacity and character. Capacity is the number of vehicles that can move safely through a segment of a thoroughfare within a given time period. It is physically manifested by the number of lanes and their width, by the centerline radius, the curb radius, and the super elevation of the pavement. Character is the suitability of a thoroughfare as a setting for pedestrian activities and as a location for a variety of building types. Character is physically manifested by the associated frontage types as determined by the location within the Transect.
Townhouse. See Section 4.80 (Building Type Standards).
Transect. A system of classification deploying the conceptual range rural-to-urban to arrange in useful order the typical elements of urbanism. The transect technique is derived from ecological analysis where it is applied to present the sequence of natural habitat from, for example, shore-dune-upland or wetland-woodland-prairie. It is a natural ordering system for urbanism, as every urban element easily finds a place within its continuum. For example, a street is more urban than a road, a curb more urban than a swale, a brick wall more urban than a wooden one, an allee of trees more urban than a cluster. This gradient when rationalized and subdivided, becomes the urban Transect, the basis of the common zoning system in this Code.
Transit Station or Terminal. A full-service (e.g., ticketing, waiting and boarding areas, restrooms, etc.) passenger station for vehicular, and rail mass transit systems; also terminal facilities providing maintenance and service for the vehicles operated in the transit system. Includes buses, taxis, railway, etc. Does not include individual “stops” for transit, busses, etc, without facilities other than shelter.
Truck or Freight Terminal. A transportation facility furnishing services incidental to air, motor freight, and rail transportation. Examples of these facilities include:
freight forwarding services; freight terminal facilities; joint terminal and service facilities; overnight mail processing facilities; packing, crating, inspection and weighing services; postal service bulk mailing distribution centers; transportation arrangement services; trucking facilities, including transfer and storage
U. Definitions, “U.”
Use. The purpose for which land or a structure is designed, arranged, intended, occupied, or maintained.
Use, Accessory. See “Accessory Use.”
Use, Primary. See “Primary Use.”
Utility Facility. A fixed-base structure or facility serving as a junction point for transferring electric utility services from one transmission voltage to another or to local distribution and service voltages, and similar facilities for water supply and natural gas distribution. These uses include any of the following facilities that are not exempted from land use permit requirements by or facility serving as a junction point for transferring electric utility services from one transmission voltage to another or to local distribution and service voltages, and similar facilities for water supply and natural gas distribution. These uses include any of the following facilities that are not exempted from land use permit requirements by 53091:
corporation and maintenance yards; electrical substations and switching stations; natural gas regulating and distribution facilities; public water system wells, treatment plants and storage; telephone switching facilities; wastewater treatment plants, settling ponds and disposal fields
Utility Infrastructure. Pipelines for water, natural gas, and sewage collection and disposal; and facilities for the transmission of electrical energy for sale, including transmission lines for a public utility company. Also includes telephone, telegraph, cable television and other communications transmission facilities utilizing direct physical conduits. Does not include offices or service centers (see “Offices - Business and Service”), or distribution substations (see “Utility Facility”).
V. Definitions, “V.”
Vehicle Services. The repair, servicing, alteration, restoration, towing, painting, cleaning, or finishing of automobiles, trucks, recreational vehicles, boats and other vehicles as a primary use, including the incidental wholesale and retail sale of vehicle parts as an accessory use. This use includes the following categories.
1. Major Repair/Body Work. These establishments include towing, collision repair, other body work, and painting services; tire recapping.
2. Minor Maintenance/Repair. Minor facilities providing limited repair and maintenance services. Examples include: car washes, attended and self-service; car stereo and alarm system installers; detailing services; muffler and radiator shops; quick-lube services; tire and battery sales and installation (not including recapping).
Does not include automobile parking (see “Parking Facilities”), repair shops that are part of a vehicle dealership on the same site (see “Auto and Vehicle Sales and Rental,” and “Mobile Home, RV, and Boat Sales and Rental”); gas stations, which are separately defined; or dismantling yards, which are included under “Recycling - Scrap and Dismantling Yards.”
Vehicle Storage. A service facility for the long-term storage of operative cars, trucks, buses, recreational vehicles, and other motor vehicles, for clients. Does not include dismantling yards (classified in “Recycling - Scrap and Dismantling Yards”).
W. Definitions, “W.”
Wall Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Wall Mural Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Warehouse. See “Storage - Warehouse, Indoor Storage.”
Wholesaling and Distribution. Establishments engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to contractors, industrial, commercial, institutional, farm, or professional business users; to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers in buying merchandise for or selling merchandise to such persons or companies. Examples of these establishments include:
agents, merchandise or commodity brokers, and commission merchants; assemblers, buyers and associations engaged in the cooperative marketing of farm products; merchant wholesalers; stores primarily selling electrical, plumbing, heating and air conditioning supplies and equipment.
Also includes storage, processing, packaging, and shipping facilities for mail order and e-commerce retail establishments.
Window Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
X. Definitions, “X.” No specialized terms beginning with the letter “X” are defined at this time.
Y. Definitions, “Y.”
Yard Signs. See Section 4.90 (Commercial Signage Standards).
Z. Definitions, “Z.”
Zero Emission Vehicle. A zero emission vehicle is any type of vehicle that has no tailpipe emissions. Vehicles run on electric motors and are powered by electricity delivered from batteries or hydrogen and fuel cells. In contrast to conventional internal combustion vehicles, zero emission vehicles prevent air pollution, lower greenhouse gas emissions, and help integrate renewable energy into the transportation sector. There are two kinds of zero emission vehicles: plug-in electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles.
Zero Emission Vehicles (Battery Charging Station). An accessory use consisting of one or more electric vehicle charging spaces served by an electric vehicle charger or other charging equipment. This includes any level of electric vehicle supply equipment station that is designed and built in compliance with Article 625 of the California Electrical Code and delivers electricity from a source outside an electric vehicle into a plug-in electric vehicle.
Zero Emission Vehicles (Hydrogen Fuel Cell Station). One or more hydrogen fuel cell filling spaces served by equipment that stores, conveys, and dispenses hydrogen to zero emission vehicles. (Ord. 2765 § 3(B), 2021; Ord. 2729 § 5, 2020.)